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Table 3 Relationship between characteristics of participants and knowledge score (n = 109)

From: Physicians’ knowledge, perceived barriers, and practices regarding cancer pain management: a cross-sectional study from Palestine

Characteristics Median a [Q1-Q3] P valueb
Age (years)
 Less than 40 6.0 [5.0–7.0] 0.582c
 40 or more 6.5 [5.0–7.8]
Gender
 Male 6.0 [5.0–7.0] 0.172c
 Female 7.0 [5.0–8.0]
Country of education
 Palestine 7.0 [5.0–8.3] 0.111c
 Abroad 6.0 [5.0–7.0]
Type of work
 Governmental 6.0 [5.0–7.0] < 0.001 d
 Private sector 8.0 [6.5–9.0]
 Both 5.5 [4.3–6.0]
Professional level
 General practitioner 6.0 [5.0–7.0] 0.694d
 Resident 6.0 [5.0–7.0]
 Specialist 7.0 [5.0–8.0]
Clinical specialty
 General practitioner 6.0 [5.0–7.0] 0.137d
 Internal medicine 7.0 [5.5–8.5]
 Surgeon 6.0 [5.0–7.0]
 Paediatrician 5.0 [4.8–6.3]
 Other* 6.0 [4.0–7.0]
Experience
 Less than 10 years 6.0 [5.0–7.0] 0.461c
 10 years or more 7.0 [5.0–8.0]
  1. *Other includes medical oncology, family medicine, gynaecology, nephrology, emergency medicine and intensive care medicine
  2. aKnowledge Score was a range of 0–14; high score reflects more knowledge about cancer pain management)
  3. bThe p-value is bold where it is less than the significance level cut-off of 0.05
  4. cStatistical significance of differences calculated using the Mann–Whitney U test
  5. dStatistical significance of differences calculated using the Kruskal–Wallis test