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Table 1 Awareness of cervical cancer among women of reproductive age in Benin and Zimbabwe, sub-Saharan Africa

From: Prevalence and determinants of cervical cancer awareness among women of reproductive age: evidence from Benin and Zimbabwe population-based data

Variable Benin Zimbabwe
n (%) Heard about cervical cancer p n (%) Heard about cervical cancer p
No (%) Yes (%)   No (%) Yes (%)  
Age (years) of respondent     < 0.001*     < 0.001*
 15–19 3335 (20.9) 93.7 6.3   2156 (21.7) 43.2 56.8  
 20–24 2916 (18.3) 88.8 11.2   1782 (17.9) 22.7 77.3  
 25–29 2971 (18.7) 88.0 12.0   1656 (16.6) 15.0 85.0  
 30–34 2195 (13.8) 89.6 10.4   1591 (16.0) 11.1 88.9  
 35–39 1905 (12.0) 89.5 10.5   1209 (12.1) 10.7 89.3  
 40–44 1333 (8.4) 87.9 12.1   966 (9.7) 10.7 89.3  
 45–49 1273 (8.0) 89.4 10.6   595 (6.0) 12.3 87.7  
Residential status     < 0.001*     < 0.001*
 Urban 7045 (44.2) 84.9 15.1   4521 (45.4) 12.4 87.6  
 Rural 8883 (55.8) 93.8 6.2   5434 (54.6) 27.7 72.3  
Education level     < 0.001*     < 0.001*
 None 8762 (55.0) 95.0 5.0   106 (1.1) 40.6 59.4  
 Primary 3116 (19.6) 91.0 9.0   2385 (24.0) 33.3 66.7  
 Secondary 3685 (23.1) 81.0 19.0   6637 (66.7) 18.3 81.7  
 Higher 365 (2.3) 48.1 51.9   827 (8.3) 2.1 97.9  
Religious belief     < 0.001*     0.002*
 Christianity 8784 (55.1) 86.1 13.9   9385 (94.3) 20.4 79.6  
 Islam 4677 (29.4) 94.9 5.1   30 (0.3) 20.0 80.0  
 Traditional/others 2467 (15.5) 93.3 6.7   540 (5.4) 26.9 73.1  
Literacy     < 0.001*     < 0.001*
 Cannot read at all 10,359 (65.4) 94.3 5.7   495 (5.0) 44.2 55.8  
 Able to read only part of sentence 1133 (7.1) 91.6 8.4   734 (7.4) 28.2 71.8  
 Able to read whole sentence 4357 (27.5) 78.6 21.4   8698 (87.6) 18.7 81.3  
Frequency of reading newspaper/magazine     < 0.001*     < 0.001*
 Not at all 14,419 (90.5) 91.4 8.6   5446 (54.7) 28.1 71.9  
 Less than once a week 878 (5.5) 73.9 26.1   2778 (27.9) 13.4 86.6  
 At least once a week 631 (4.0) 76.7 23.3   1731 (17.4) 9.5 90.5  
Frequency of listening to radio     < 0.001*     < 0.001*
 Not at all 6840 (42.9) 94.1 5.9   4482 (45.0) 26.8 73.2  
 Less than once a week 3408 (21.4) 89.7 10.3   2112 (21.2) 19.0 81.0  
 At least once a week 5680 (35.7) 84.8 15.2   3361 (33.8) 13.7 86.3  
Frequency of watching television     < 0.001*     < 0.001*
 Not at all 9775 (61.4) 94.5 5.5   5054 (50.8) 27.1 72.9  
 Less than once a week 2741 (17.2) 87.6 12.4   1381 (13.9) 17.3 82.7  
 At least once a week 3412 (21.4) 78.0 22.0   3520 (35.4) 12.9 87.1  
Frequency of using internet     < 0.001*     < 0.001*
 Not at all 14,845 (93.2) 92.2 7.8   7325 (73.6) 25.4 74.6  
 Less than once a week 141 (0.9) 70.8 29.2   214 (2.1) 12.1 87.9  
 At least once a week 281 (1.8) 68.6 31.4   413 (4.1) 10.2 89.8  
 Almost every day 661 (4.1) 50.5 49.5   2003 (20.1) 7.0 93.0  
Wealth quintile     < 0.001*     < 0.001*
 Poorest 2856 (17.9) 96.3 3.7   1499 (15.1) 36.4 63.6  
 Poorer 2976 (18.7) 95.4 4.6   1452 (14.6) 28.6 71.4  
 Middle 2985 (18.7) 92.7 7.3   1549 (15.6) 24.7 75.3  
 Richer 3281 (20.6) 90.5 9.5   2558 (25.7) 15.4 84.6  
 Richest 3830 (24.0) 77.3 22.7   2897 (29.1) 11.3 88.7  
Marital status     < 0.001*     < 0.001*
 Never in union 3897 (24.5) 88.5 11.5   2666 (26.8) 35.3 64.7  
 Currently in union/living with a man 11,170 (70.1) 90.7 9.3   6015 (60.4) 15.5 84.5  
 Formerly in union/lived with a man 861 (5.4) 84.3 15.7   1274 (12.8) 15.1 84.9  
Occupation     < 0.001*     < 0.001*
 Not working 3527 (23.0) 91.7 8.3   4897 (54.3) 27.8 72.2  
 Professional/technical/managerial 543 (3.5) 60.8 39.2   615 (6.8) 2.4 97.6  
 Sales 4537 (29.6) 87.7 12.3   1794 (19.9) 12.5 87.5  
 Agricultural 3065 (20.0) 97.0 3.0   742 (8.2) 18.3 81.7  
 Services 1842 (12.0) 86.5 13.5   728 (8.1) 11.7 88.3  
 Skilled manual 1825 (11.9) 93.8 6.2   249 (2.8) 14.9 85.1  
Geographical region     < 0.001*     < 0.001*
 1 1697 (10.7) 96.4 3.6   1019 (10.2) 23.2 76.8  
 2 1392 (8.7) 91.6 8.4   993 (10.0) 18.2 81.2  
 3 1702 (10.7) 85.4 14.6   910 (9.1) 17.1 82.9  
 4 1765 (11.1) 98.6 1.4   1054 (10.6) 16.3 83.7  
 5 1403 (8.8) 87.3 12.7   849 (8.5) 32.4 67.6  
 6 1012 (6.4) 89.9 10.1   829 (8.3) 34.3 65.7  
 7 964 (6.1) 94.5 5.5   1062 (10.7) 24.3 75.7  
 8 1415 (8.9) 70.3 29.7   1046 (10.5) 24.2 75.8  
 9 816 (5.1) 87.9 12.1   1235 (12.4) 9.1 90.9  
 10 1260 (7.9) 92.0 8.0   958 (9.6) 14.5 85.5  
 11 952 (6.0) 95.5 4.5      
 12 1550 (9.7) 88.0 12.0      
  1. Benin: 1 = Alibori, 2 = Atacora, 3 = Atlantic, 4 = Borgou, 5 = Collines, 6 = Couffo, 7 = Donga, 8 = Littoral, 9 = Mono, 10 = Oueme, 11 = Plateau & 12 = Zou.
  2. Zimbabwe: 1 = Manicaland, 2 = Manicaland Central, 3 = Manicaland East, 4 = Manicaland West, 5 = Manicaland North, 6 = Manicaland South, 7 = Midlands, 8 = Masvingo, 9 = Harare & 10 = Bulawayo.
  3. *Significant at p < 0.005
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