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Table 3 Marginal predictive models of the factors associated with awareness of cervical cancer among women of reproductive age in Benin and Zimbabwe, sub-Saharan Africa

From: Prevalence and determinants of cervical cancer awareness among women of reproductive age: evidence from Benin and Zimbabwe population-based data

Variable Benin Zimbabwe
Marginal effects (95%CI) P Marginal effects OR (95%CI) P
Age (years) of respondent
 15–19 0.05 (0.04–0.07) < 0.001* 0.67 (0.64–0.69) < 0.001*
 20–24 0.09 (0.08–0.11) < 0.001* 076 (0.74–0.78) < 0.001*
 25–29 0.11 (0.10–0.13) < 0.001* 0.83 (0.81–0.85) < 0.001*
 30–34 0.11 (0.09–0.13) < 0.001* 0.86 (0.84–0.88) < 0.001*
 35–39 0.12 (0.10–0.14) < 0.001* 0.88 (0.86–0.90) < 0.001*
 40–44 0.15 (0.12–0.18) < 0.001* 0.88 (0.86–0.90) < 0.001*
 45–49 0.13 (0.10–0.16) < 0.001* 0.89 (0.86–0.91) < 0.001*
Residential status
 Urban 0.11 (0.09–0.12) < 0.001* 0.81 (0.79–0.84) < 0.001*
 Rural 0.09 (0.08–0.10) < 0.001* 079 (0.77–0.80) < 0.001*
Education level
 None 0.07 (0.06–0.08) < 0.001* 0.66 (0.58–0.74) < 0.001*
 Primary 0.09 (0.07–0.10) < 0.001* 0.73 (0.71–0.75) < 0.001*
 Secondary 0.14 (0.12–0.17) < 0.001* 0.82 (0.81–0.83) < 0.001*
 Higher 0.20 (0.14–0.27) < 0.001* 0.90 (0.85–0.94) < 0.001*
Religious belief
 Christianity 0.11 (0.10–0.12) < 0.001* 0.80 (0.79–0.81) < 0.001*
 Islam 0.08 (0.06–0.09) < 0.001* 0.70 (0.54–0.85) < 0.001*
 Traditional/others 0.09 (0.08–0.11) < 0.001* 0.79 (0.76–0.82) < 0.001*
Literacy
 Cannot read at all 0.10 (0.08–0.11) < 0.001* 0.73 (0.69–0.76) < 0.001*
 Able to read only part of sentence 0.09 (0.06–0.11) < 0.001* 0.82 (0.79–0.84) < 0.001*
 Able to read whole sentence 0.10 (0.09–0.12) < 0.001* 0.80 (0.79–0.81) < 0.001*
Frequency of reading newspaper/magazine
 Not at all 0.10 (0.09–0.11) < 0.001* 0.77 (0.76–0.78) < 0.001*
 Less than once a week 0.10 (0.08–0.12) < 0.001* 0.84 (0.82–0.85) < 0.001*
 At least once a week 0.08 (0.06–0.10) < 0.001* 0.83 (0.81–0.85) < 0.001*
Frequency of listening to radio
 Not at all 0.09 (0.08–0.10) < 0.001* 0.77 (0.76–0.79) < 0.001*
 Less than once a week 0.10 (0.08–0.11) < 0.001* 0.78 (0.77–0.80) < 0.001*
 At least once a week 0.11 (0.10–0.12) < 0.001* 0.83 (0.82–0.85) < 0.001*
Frequency of watching television
 Not at all 0.08 (0.07–0.09) < 0.001* 0.79 (0.78–0.80) < 0.001*
 Less than once a week 0.11 (0.10–0.13) < 0.001* 0.81 (0.79–0.83) < 0.001*
 At least once a week 0.11 (0.10–0.13) < 0.001* 0.80 (0.78–0.82) < 0.001*
Frequency of using internet
 Not at all 0.09 (0.08–0.10) < 0.001* 0.78 (0.77–0.79) < 0.001*
 Less than once a week 0.17 (0.09–0.25) < 0.001* 0.85 (0.79–0.90) < 0.001*
 At least once a week 0.14 (0.10–0.18) < 0.001* 0.84 (0.80–0.88) < 0.001*
 Almost every day 0.19 (0.15–0.23) < 0.001* 0.86 (0.84–0.88) < 0.001*
Wealth quintile
 Poorest 0.09 (0.07–0.11) < 0.001* 0.76 (0.74–0.78) < 0.001*
 Poorer 0.08 (0.06–0.10) < 0.001* 0.78 (0.76–0.81) < 0.001*
 Middle 0.10 (0.08–0.12) < 0.001* 0.80 (0.77–0.81) < 0.001*
 Richer 0.10 (0.08–0.11) < 0.001* 0.81 (0.79–0.83) < 0.001*
 Richest 0.11 (0.09–0.12) < 0.001* 0.83 (0.80–0.85) < 0.001*
Marital status
 Never in union 0.11 (0.09–0.12) < 0.001* 0.73 (0.71–0.75) < 0.001*
 Currently in union/living with a man 0.10 (0.09–0.11) < 0.001* 0.82 (0.81–0.83) < 0.001*
 Formerly in union/lived with a man 0.11 (0.08–0.14) < 0.001* 0.82 (0.79–0.84) < 0.001*
Occupation
 Not working 0.08 (0.07–0.10) < 0.001* 0.79 (0.78–0.80) < 0.001*
 Professional/technical/managerial 0.13 (0.10–0.16) < 0.001* 0.88 (0.83–0.93) < 0.001*
 Sales 0.11 (0.10–0.12) < 0.001* 0.81 (0.79–0.83) < 0.001*
 Agricultural 0.06 (0.04–0.07) < 0.001* 0.80 (0.77–0.82) < 0.001*
 Services 0.13 (0.11–0.15) < 0.001* 0.82 (0.79–0.85) < 0.001*
 Skilled manual 0.08 (0.06–0.10) < 0.001* 0.77 (0.72–0.83) < 0.001*
Geographical region
 1 0.08 (0.05–0.10) < 0.001* 0.79 (0.76–0.81) < 0.001*
 2 0.13 (0.10–017) < 0.001* 0.85 (0.83–0.87) < 0.001*
 3 0.10 (0.08–0.12) < 0.001* 0.83 (0.80–0.85) < 0.001*
 4 0.02 (0.01–0.03) 0.001* 0.84 (0.82–0.86) < 0.001*
 5 0.15 (0.12–0.18) < 0.001* 0.74 (0.72–0.77) < 0.001*
 6 0.13 (0.10–0.16) < 0.001* 0.71 (0.68–0.74) < 0.001*
 7 0.09 (0.06–0.12) < 0.001* 0.78 (0.75–0.80) < 0.001*
 8 0.13 (0.10–0.15) < 0.001* 0.78 (0.75–0.80) < 0.001*
 9 0.11 (0.08–0.13) < 0.001* 0.85 (0.82–0.87) < 0.001*
 10 0.06 (0.05–0.08) < 0.001* 0.77 (0.74–0.81) < 0.001*
 11 0.05 (0.03–0.08) < 0.001*   
 12 0.11 (0.09–0.13) < 0.001*   
  1. Benin: 1 = Alibori, 2 = Atacora, 3 = Atlantic, 4 = Borgou, 5 = Collines, 6 = Couffo, 7 = Donga, 8 = Littoral, 9 = Mono, 10 = Oueme, 11 = Plateau & 12 = Zou.
  2. Zimbabwe: 1 = Manicaland, 2 = Manicaland Central, 3 = Manicaland East, 4 = Manicaland West, 5 = Manicaland North, 6 = Manicaland South, 7 = Midlands, 8 = Masvingo, 9 = Harare & 10 = Bulawayo.
  3. *Significant at p < 0.05
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